Hammer Patterns


Price action and the location of the hammer candle, when viewed within the existing trend, are both crucial validating factors for this candle. The price’s ascent from its session low to a higher close suggests that a more bullish outlook won the day, setting the stage for a potential reversal to the upside. As such, it’s best to focus on the hammer pattern because it will provide us a better probability of success compared to the inverted variation.


And, finally, the third signal was made the RSI indicator by showing an overbought condition. A hammer candlestick has a long lower shadow, a small body at the top of the candle, and no or a tiny upper shadow. Technically, the length of its shadow should be at least twice the size of its body. The hammer is a single line candle that appears in a downward price trend and it signals a reversal 60% of the time. Once the candlestick appears and price breaks out, the move is unexciting, ranking 65 out of 103 candles where 1 is best.

Last but not the least is that the pattern just occurs too often and knowing when to use it to make a trading decision can be a little confusing for most beginners. It has a random i.e 50 % chance of success when it occurs at the end of a prevalent downtrend. You should also make use of proper risk management, evaluating the reward ratio of your trades. You should also use stop-loss orders to avoid big losses in moments of high volatility.

So traders should be cautious about their selling positions when a bullish reversal pattern appears. The hammer candlestick pattern is generally used to identify reversal from a prevailing downtrend. However, hammers actually work better with retracements rather than reversals. The hammer candlestick pattern can be used to spot trend reversals in any financial market. The bullish hammer candles include the hammer and inverted hammer, which appear after a downtrend.

Hammer Candlestick Formula

Depending on the length of the bottom shadow , if one takes a trade after a breakout of the high of the hammer , the stop loss distance is very high. Sometimes the bottom wick of the hammer is very long, and it makes practically impossible to take a trade with such a large stop loss. There are 3 main limitations of using Hammer candlestick pattern. In case , the bulls do not manage to close the price above the open then the candle will be red. The Gravestone Doji is similar to an inverted hammer or a shooting star. You can see that the pattern formed at the end of an upward price swing and marked the beginning of a downward move.

  • For an aggressive buyer, the Hammer formation could be the trigger to potentially go long.
  • Change the time frame of the candles to a lower one to see what happened yesterday.
  • As such, we can confirm that this candle is a valid hammer formation.
  • Candlestick patterns are another tool or variable that improves traders’ edge in uncertain market conditions.
  • If the market is in an uptrend, it’s likely the price will move higher (regardless of whether there’s a Hammer, or not).
  • This differs from the hammer, which occurs after a price decline, signals a potential upside reversal , and only has a long lower shadow.

The https://forex-trend.net/ on following days will go down again and if it breaks down below the low of the hammer then one can take a trade on short side. This generally takes 2 to 9 trading days as price has to cover the entire candle first. The below figure indicates a hammer in uptrend and in downtrend. As you can see hammer appears thrice in such a short span of time , once indicating an end to the downtrend and on two occasions indicating and end of retracement in a prevalent uptrend.

Interpreting Bullish Hammer Candles

The three outside down pattern consists of three candlesticks. The second is a healthy bearish candlestick bigger than the bullish candle, which covers the first candle, so it’s like a bearish engulfing pattern. It is a bearish reversal pattern formed at the top of an uptrend.

The basic nature of the https://topforexnews.org/ in both hammer and Hanging man is almost identical. Both consist of a small real body and a long bottom shadow or wick. Below picture shows various versions of a hammer candlestick.

inverted hammer pattern

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What is a Hammer Candlestick Pattern?

The candle should have a small body with a long lower shadow. Short Line Candles – also known as ‘short candles’ – are candles on a candlestick chart that have a short real body. A doji is a trading session where a security’s open and close prices are virtually equal. The close can be above or below the opening price, although the close should be near the open for the real body of the candlestick to remain small. Cory is an expert on stock, forex and futures price action trading strategies.

Unlike the hammer, the bulls in an inverted hammer were unable to secure a high close, but were defeated in the session’s closing stages. Still, the mere fact that the buyers were able to press the price higher shows that they are testing the bears’ resolve. Similarly, the inverted hammer also generates the same message, but in a different manner.

When you trade from an area of value, you are more likely to be successful. An area of value is an area on your chart where buying/selling pressure is lurking around. This could be a support and resistance level, trendline, or channel. By waiting for an opportunity to trade in an area of value, you increase your chances of success.


When it occurs at the bottom of a downtrend, this pattern signals that the bears might have lost control over the price. And, the success of bulls in stopping the price from falling further indicates a potential trend reversal. Hammer is a bullish trend reversal candlestick pattern which is a candle of specific shape.

A long wick hammer which successfully resulted into a trend reversal is also considered as a very good support level. Price coming back to this level in future is likely to be rejected again. The colour of the candle is not significant and can be green or red. It generally occurs at the end of a downtrend suggesting a possible reversal. It can also occur at the end of a retracement in an overall uptrend.

Below is the chart for the AUDNZD forex pair shown on the daily timeframe once again. While the stock has lost 11% over the past two weeks, it could witness a trend reversal as a hammer chart pattern was formed in its last trading session. This could mean that the bulls have been able to counteract the bears to help the stock find support. The High wave candlestick pattern has a long upper wick and a long lower wick with a small body.

But the next bullish candle’s low suggests strong support at the first bearish candle closing, which signals that the downtrend could change to an uptrend. This pattern consists of three candlesticks, which don’t have shadows or wicks. Three white soldiers’ patterns form when three bullish candles with no wicks are open below the previous candle’s closing and still close above the last candle’s high/ closing.

Hand Hammer

https://en.forexbrokerslist.site/ occurring along with a spinning top or even multiple hammers together also increases the chance of hammer to work. Because it occurs so frequently , it is not generally used on its own to make a trading decision and only as an aid in an overall trading plan. Learning what you need to succeed may seem like a lot of work to do. But you don’t have to worry since I’m always here to assist you all through your trading journey if you are willing to do the right thing and put in the hard work.

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